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Flash chips are divided into three categories

Flash chips are divided into three categories

SLC, MLC and TLC chips
What is SLC
SLC English full name (Single Level Cell - SLC) is a single layer storage. Mainly used by Samsung, Hynix, Micron, Toshiba, etc.
The SLC technology is characterized in that the oxide film in the floating gate and the source is thinner, and the stored charge is removed by applying a voltage to the charge of the floating gate when writing data, and then passing through the source. In this way, one information unit can be stored. This technology can provide fast program programming and reading. However, this technology is limited by Silicon efficiency and must be processed by more advanced process enhancements. ), in order to improve the SLC process technology.
What is MLC?
MLC English full name (Multi Level Cell - MLC) is multi-layer storage. Mainly used by Toshiba, Renesas, Samsung.
Intel first developed the MLC in September 1997. Its role is to store two units of information in a floating
Gate (the part of the flash memory cell that stores the charge), and then use the charge of different potentials to accurately read and write through the voltage stored in the memory. MLC uses a large number of voltage levels, each unit stores two bits of data, and the data density is relatively large. The SLC architecture has two values of 0 and 1, and the MLC architecture can store more than four values at a time. Therefore, the MLC architecture can have a better storage density.
Compare the advantages of MLC with SLC
Signed in the current market mainly based on SLC and MLC storage, we know more about SLC and MLC storage, and can use the old production process to increase the capacity of the product, no need to invest in production equipment, and have the advantage of cost and yield.
Compared with SLC, MLC has lower production cost and large capacity. If improved, the read and write performance of MLC should be further improved.
Shortcomings of MLC compared with SLC
The MLC architecture has a number of shortcomings. First, the lifetime is short, the SLC architecture can write 100,000 times, and the MLC architecture can only withstand about 10,000 writes.
Secondly, the access speed is slow. Under the current technical conditions, the theoretical speed of the MLC chip can only reach about 6MB. The SLC architecture is more than three times faster than the MLC architecture.
Furthermore, MLC consumes more energy than SLC and consumes about 15% more current than SLC under the same conditions of use.
Although MLC has many disadvantages compared with SLC, the current MLC still has an absolute advantage in terms of single chip capacity. Due to the absolute advantages of MLC architecture and cost, it can meet the market demand of 2GB, 4GB, 8GB or even larger capacity.
The difference between SLC, MLC, and TLC flash chips used in USB flash drives
SLC = Single-Level Cell, which is 1bit/cell, with fast speed and long life, and the price is very expensive (about 3 times the price of MLC), about 100,000 erasing life.
MLC = Multi-Level Cell, which is 2bit/cell, the speed is generally average, the price is average, about 3000---10,000 erasing life
TLC = Trinary-Level Cell, which is 3bit/cell, and Flash manufacturer is called 8LC. The speed is slow and the life is short, the price is cheap, about 500 times of erasing life. Currently, there are no manufacturers that can do 1000 times.
The life of the flash memory to be described refers to the number of times of writing (erasing), not the number of times of reading, because the reading has little effect on the life of the chip.
The difference in life between SLC, MLC, and TLC flash memory
SLC uses both positive and negative charges. A floating gate stores 1 bit of information and has a life of about 100,000 erases.
MLC uses the charge of different potentials, a floating gate stores 2 bits of information, about 10,000 erasing life, SLC-MLC [double capacity, life shortened to 1/10].
TLC uses different potentials of charge, a floating gate stores 3 bits of information, about 500-1000 erasing life, MLC-TLC [capacity is 1/2 times larger, life is shortened to 1/20].
Product status editor
The lifespan of flash memory products is getting shorter and shorter, and there are already products made by TLC flash memory on the market.
Given the difference in lifetime between SLC and MLC or TLC flash
Manufacturers of digital products are strongly urged to mark SLC and MLC or TLC flash products on their products using flash memory.
Many people are unclear about the SLC and MLC of flash memory. Take the current hot MP3 player, is it to buy SLC or MLC flash chips? Let me tell you here first that if you have low requirements on capacity, but have high requirements on machine quality, data security, and machine life, then the SLC flash chip is the first choice. However, the cost of a large-capacity SLC flash memory chip is much higher than that of an MLC flash memory chip, so a large-capacity or low-priced MP3 of more than 2G uses an MLC flash memory chip. High-capacity, low-priced MLC flash is naturally a trend, but its inherent shortcomings have to be considered.
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